Spanish 
Numbers in Spanish
Learning Spanish is fun, it's similiar with English, Now..we can learn about Number in Spanish. the previous lesson we have studied about Nouns and Gender In Spanish , and we continue with this one. Numbers come in a variety of forms,
including ordinal numbers, fractions, and whole numbers. The following sections of this chapter
instruct you on how to correctly express numbers through
various combinations of number sets.
Ordinal Numbers
Ordinal numbers identify a position in a
sequence of numbers. You use ordinal numbers, for
example, to state that you live in the fourth house
on the right, past the second stop sign on a given
street. The following list includes the basic ordinal numbers
in both English and Spanish:
English

Spanish

first

primero

second

segundo

third

tercero

fourth

cuarto

fifth

quinto

sixth

sexto

seventh

séptimo

eighth

octavo

ninth

noveno

tenth

décimo

twentieth

vigésimo

Numbers have gender identification. If the
written form of a number ends in O, it is masculine. If it ends in A, it is feminine. The first
and third ordinal numbers, primero and tercero, are shortened when they
precede a noun. If you were to be talking about your first or third auto, you would say primer coche, or tercer coche, respectively.
The eleventh and twelfth ordinal numbers
are undécimo and duodécimo. Ordinal numbers thirteen through nineteen are derived by
combining the Spanish translation for the “tenth” (décimo) and the applicable whole
number between 1 and through 9. The fifteenth ordinal number,
for example, is obtained by combining the Spanish terms décimo (tenth) and quinto (fifth), to form décimoquinto. We have included ordinal numbers
twentieth, hundredth, and thousandth.
primero to vigésimo are all written as one word.
From vigésimo primero (twentyfirst) on, ordinal numbers are shown as two words. Ordinal
numbers over twentieth are seldom used. Cardinal
numbers are used instead.
Fractions
A fraction is created by using a whole
number as the numerator and an ordinal number as the denominator.
Fractions are normally expressed in numerical form, though they sometimes are spelled out, as in “I ate onehalf of the
sandwich.” On the accompanying audio, you will hear that the Spanish
translations are the same for numerical figures or
spelled out fractions. The next examples show two
expressions of the same fraction. Listen to the translated sound on the number “one” in onefourth. When “one” is used as an adjective, it is pronounced un. When it is used as a noun
it is pronounced
uno.
onefourth un cuarto
onehalf la mitad
half medio
onethird una tercera parte
oneeighth un octavo
Whole Numbers
Although, as stated earlier, there are an
infinite number of whole numbers, the following
list includes only zero through twenty. The number twenty, or veinte, requires a unique pronunciation when combined with other numbers, as explained in the “Say it Right” tip later in this section of the chapter. Combining numbers within the “Whole Numbers” section can generate numbers from twenty to one hundred thousand.
English

Spanish

zero

cero

one

uno

two

dos

three

tres

four

cuatro

five

cinco

six

seis



seven

siete

eight

ocho

nine

nueve

ten

diez

eleven

once

twelve

doce

thirteen

trece

fourteen

catorce

fifteen

quince

sixteen

dieciséis

seventeen

diecisiete

eighteen

dieciocho

nineteen

diecinueve

twenty

veinte

The numbers in the preceding list can be
combined to create a whole range of other numbers that may be
useful to you. Let’s take a look at some of these combinations. For numbers twentyone through twentynine, simply add the applicable
secondary number (1–9) to the prefix veinti. The following are a couple of examples:
twentythree veintitrés
twentynine
veintinueve
The same rule applies for incrementing
numbers between thirty and ninety, except that you
do not
alter those numbers. You add the
applicable secondary number 1–9 to the numbers between thirty
and ninety with a Y linking the two numbers. The following includes a few examples:
ENGLISH

SPANISH

thirty

treinta

thirtyone

treinta y uno

forty

cuarenta

fortytwo

cuarenta y dos

fifty

cincuenta

fiftythree

cincuenta y tres

sixty

sesenta

sixtyfour

sesenta y cuatro

seventy

setenta

eighty

ochenta

ninety

noventa

Things change when you get to the
hundreds. Notice the change that takes place when we translate “one hundred” and “one hundred and five.”
one hundred cien
one hundred five ciento cinco
Notice that “one hundred” is translated as cien. When you add units to the
one hundred,the cien becomes ciento. Although the “hundred” remains a singular term when you state the numbers two hundred to nine
hundred, the ciento is made plural. An exception to this is the number five hundred. It is
translated as quinientos. Another change that takes
place is in the form of siete and nueve used in seven the number “twenty.” It sounds like “vein teh.” Notice that when you add a unit to it and
make it twentyone, the “vein teh,” spelled “veinte,” is pronounced like “vein tee,”
spelled “veinti”or “veintiuno” for twentyone. This change only happens in the range of numbers twentyone through twentynine.
hundred and nine hundred, respectively.
They become the prefixes sete and nove, producing the translated numbers setecientos and novecientos. The following examples illustrate some of these numbers:
ENGLISH

SPANISH

one hundred thousand

doscientos

two thousand

doscientos cinco

nine hundred ninetynine

trescientos

one thousand

trescientos cincuenta

nine hundred

cuatrocientos

eight hundred and eight

cuatrocientos sesenta y siete

eight hundred

quinientos

seven hundred thirty

quinientos noventa y cuatro

seven hundred

seiscientos

six hundred fourteen

seiscientos catorce

six hundred

setecientos

five hundred ninetyfour

three setecientos treinta y tres

five hundred

ochocientos

four hundred sixtyseven

ochocientos ocho

four hundred

novecientos

three hundred fifty

novecientos noventa y nueve

three hundred

mil

two hundred and five

dos mil

two hundred

cien mil

The translation for the plural of “thousand” is
Thousands

miles

In English, “million” is used when you refer to one, two, or one hundred million. The plural form is only used when one uses that term as in “I get millions of emails a day.” In Spanish, “million” becomes plural in two million, three million, and so on, and million loses its accent. The following are the translations for the singular and plural form of “million.”
one million un millon
two million dos millones
millions
millones
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